Title Types and Definitions

Massachusetts classifies titles into Types with Sub-Brands. A sub-brand is a secondary status that must be attached as a defining characteristic to a title to specify as in the case of salvage vehicles, the occurrence that caused the damage.

Clear Title
A Clear Title is issued to a vehicle with no previous salvage notations, sub-brands or legends.  

Salvage
A Salvage Title is issued to a vehicle that has been declared a total loss resulting from collision, theft, fire, vandalism, salt, flood or other occurrence. Salvage Titles are broken down into two categories:

Repairable
A Repairable Salvage Title is issued to a vehicle that has been declared a total loss but can be repaired. This title type requires at least one sub-brand of collision, theft, fire, vandalism, salt, flood or other.

Parts-Only
A Part-Only Title is issued to a vehicle that has been declared a total loss and also unrepairable to due extensive damage. The vehicle can never be re-titled or registered in Massachusetts. A Parts-Only Title does not require a sub-brand.

Reconstructed
A Reconstructed Title is issued to a vehicle previously titled as Salvage-Repairable, has been repaired and has passed a salvage inspection. This title requires at least one sub-brand of collision, theft, fire, vandalism, salt, flood or other.

Recovered Theft
A Recovered Theft Title is issued to a vehicle previously titled as Salvage-Repairable with a theft sub-brand. These vehicles must have minimal damage. This title always requires the sub-brand of theft and may also have other sub-brands if applicable.

Owner Retained
An Owner retained title is issued when an insurance company deems a vehicle to be a total loss and the owner chooses to retain possession of the vehicle. The vehicle must have an active registration and be capable of being legally driven.

Memorandum
A Memorandum Title is a non-negotiable title issued when a vehicle is brought from out-of-state to Massachusetts, has a lien and the lienholder is in possession of the out-of-state title. A Memorandum Title is not transferable unless accompanied by the out-of-state title.



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Massachusetts Department of Transportation

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