FY2014 – FY2018 Transportation Capital Investment Plan (CIP)
This CIP is designed to be a transparent, comprehensive plan that describes how MassDOT is funded and provides a roadmap for balancing in our statewide transportation needs with fiscally constrained transportation resources. This integrated approach provides a foundation for understanding the total state investment in public transit, bike paths, paratransit, roads, bridges, airports, and railroads. In partnership with the We Move Massachusetts process, the CIP is also reflective of a more strategic process for choosing projects as we seek outcomes for the choices we make, such as better reliability in our transit system, investing in the health of the state’s bridges or achieving our 2030 mode shift goals.
This document presents the first comprehensive Capital Investment Program (CIP) for the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT), building on the original 2009 Highway Division Capital Investment Program. Prior capital investment plans often focused on a certain asset (e.g. trains or bridges) or only on funding source (e.g. tolls or state bond proceeds). Covering state fiscal years 2014 to 2018, this CIP is a fiscally constrained compendium of all infrastructure-related spending programmed by department. In other words, this represents the allocation of estimated state and federal revenues for the reconstruction, maintenance and development of our statewide highways, bicycle and pedestrian paths, bridges, local roads, bus and rail networks and airports for the next five state fiscal years.
This CIP is more than numbers on a page. It reflects a commitment by this Administration to leave a better Commonwealth for current and future generations. Through dialogue with residents and stakeholders, MassDOT is making investments now that will shorten commutes, expand transit options in communities statewide and bolster our economy. The charts, tables and narrative in the following chapters present estimated capital funding sources and expenditures across our statewide transportation system [add footnote back] and regions of the Commonwealth. Encompassing projects and information from the Statewide Transportation Investment Program ("STIP"), Regional Transportation Plans ("TIPS"), MBTA Capital Investment Plan, and Aeronautics/Federal Aviation Administration Investment Plans, this CIP provides residents and decision makers with a fair and transparent representation of how $12.4 billion in estimated revenues over the next five years will be spent.
Transportation investment supports our economy, gets people to work and to school, and expands opportunity to those who seek it. That is why the focus on a comprehensive program of investment is so critical – the funding recommendations of the CIP begin a public discussion of how to choose among the many priorities and projects with constrained resources. While it will be incumbent upon the next administration to finish the work begun by the Patrick Administration, there are important principles and outcomes funded in this investment place that can guide future administration’s approach to transportation:
- Addressing deferred maintenance by fixing those assets we have today – filing potholes and paving roads, updating sidewalks and bike paths, fixing bridges, and replacing old buses and trains.
- Targeting funding for expansion and enhancements that will support economic growth and opportunity.
- Incorporating environmental sustainability, promoting healthy transportation options of walking, bicycling, and public transit and supporting smart growth development.
- Ensuring regional equity so that every person in the Commonwealth can get to where they need to be in a safe, accessible and efficient manner.
- Fostering a new way of doing things - MassDOT must move at the speed of business.
Anyone who owns a home or a car knows that the longer you go without addressing a problem, the more expensive the fix becomes. The same is true for our transportation network. Over the next five years, the capital investment plan commits to spending approximately 80% of our transportation dollars on projects that move our existing system to a state of good repair. This includes paving roads, repairing bridges, replacing signs and lights on the highways, maintaining our buses and trains, replacing decades old information technology systems --the bread and butter of our system. These projects help workers get to their jobs on time and parents get their kids to school or to play.
Economic growth and opportunity do not happen by accident. National studies and local reports consistently show that a well-funded transportation system produces tangible and meaningful economic benefits. According to the American Public Transportation Association, every dollar invested in transportation produces four dollars in economic return. According to the Massachusetts Statewide Airport Economic Impact Study, a recent analysis by the MassDOT Aeronautics Division, estimates that the 39 airports of the Commonwealth, including Logan International Airport, generate$11.9 billion in total annual economic activity and $4.9 billion in total annual payroll from the 124,369 jobs that can be traced to the aviation industry. Commuter rail service to the South Coast is projected to create 3,800 new jobs and generate nearly $500 million in new statewide economic activity every year.
For our roadway network, we are increasingly emphasizing the importance of technology, providing drivers with real-time information to help to avoid the worst congestion spots. We are expanding upon these efforts with the incremental implementation of All-Electronic Tolling, which will allow not only for the free-flowing movement of automobiles but also presents innovative opportunities to manage demand by charging tolls based on the time of day and/or volume of congestion. In addition, we are also looking to expand our use of HOV/HOT lanes, squeezing extra capacity for our current road network by using pricing techniques to drive demand and supply.
The MBTA is a driver of regional home values. A study by the National Association of Realtors and American Public Transportation Association looked at home values between 2006 and 2011 and found that in metropolitan Boston home values near MBTA stations more than doubled during this recessionary period while the value of those outside transit station areas declined by more than 40%. Investments in the Orange Line have significant regional value. The Metropolitan Area Planning Council and Massachusetts Association of Community Development Corporations released an Orange Line Opportunity Report which found that the corridor is home to more than 700,000 residents and 300,000 jobs. In September of 2013, the Boston Redevelopment Authority approved a $95 million, 300,000 square foot mixed-use project with more than 280 apartments near Forest Hills, while in Malden, the City is awaiting responses to its request for proposals to relocate City Hall in order to unlock the real estate potential of Malden Center, the 5th busiest station in the entire MBTA system. Assembly Row in Somerville, a project anchored by a new Orange Line station, is a $1.5 billion mixed-use project expected to generate $2.3 million in local tax revenue by 2015 and $17 million annually when the full project is complete.
Likewise, the Red Line is the transit backbone of the region’s innovation economy, connecting Kendall Square to the Massachusetts General Hospital campus and then to the Innovation District via South Station and the Silver Line. Kendall Square has absorbed nearly 4 million square feet of new development without seeing traffic increases by relying on the Red Line, but additional private development needs to be supported by additional Red Line capacity. The redevelopment of Quincy Center, a $1.6 billion investment to develop residential and commercial development, is made possible by the availability of reliable Red Line service. This redevelopment is expected to create over 11,000 new permanent jobs in the Commonwealth, and create millions of new sales and property tax revenues at both the state and local levels.
By completing dozens of additional local roadway improvement projects, MassDOT will help to facilitate community-level financial investments and economic growth currently constrained by limited transportation infrastructure. The American Road and Transportation Builders Association has estimated that more than 1.5 million full-time jobs in the Commonwealth in key industries like tourism, retail sales, agriculture, and manufacturing are in some way dependent on or benefit from the state’s transportation infrastructure network. Through August of 2013, there have been 11,745 direct construction jobs created and 11,281 direct construction jobs sustained through the distribution of construction spending through the Accelerated Bridge Program. These jobs and the economic benefits and quality of life that accrue from a strong economy will be jeopardized without responsible, forward-looking investment in our transportation system.
Regional equity must be a core responsibility of MassDOT. Numerous reports and public debates over the past twenty years have demonstrated the economic, health and public benefits of the Big Dig in Boston. As those benefits are rightfully celebrated, many recognize that the Big Dig crowded out nearly all other projects outside of Boston. That lack of investment was an ethical and economic failing. As a Commonwealth, we cannot focus our efforts on one region or one city. Those who read this investment plan may argue that additional expansion is unwarranted and unwise. However, we must consider those residents of the Commonwealth with no or limited access to public transit and decent roads. The investments selected in this plan and by a future administration should leave no one behind. That is why this capital plan expands the Green Line to Somerville and Medford and the Commuter Rail to Fall River and New Bedford. South Station expansion is advanced in order to increase the frequency and reliability of trains to and from Metro West and Central Mass, as well as Amtrak service up and down the East Coast. Investments in roads and bridges are regionally balanced to ensure that local and regional priorities are addressed and that reliable bus service outside of Boston is available seven days a week.
Finally, this CIP continues a commitment to reform within our transportation system. In 2009, landmark transportation reform became law, creating MassDOT and enabling reform. The Massachusetts Turnpike Authority was eliminated; the rule that let MBTA workers retire after 23 years, regardless of their age, was eliminated; headcount at the Registry of Motor Vehicles was reduced while increasing the number of transactions by leveraging technology and third party partnerships like AAA. MassDOT merged duplicative legal, human resources and IT departments, and overall, both through these efforts and others has saved over $500 million since 2009. Projects are coming in on time and on budget. In the past three years, using innovative construction techniques, the department replaced over twenty bridges in weeks – not years.
Over the next year, MassDOT will advance improved asset management systems and more innovation construction techniques. When government operates with the same creativity and thinking as business, we can deliver the service that matters to people. The department is also launching a $10 million Research and Development program to provide research, technical assistance and resource development on the latest in innovative transportation programs and services. The program will focus on several issues, including improving energy efficiency, enhancing the use of both clean and alternative fuels, including battery based electric buses and vehicles; in transportation, developing a modern clean energy grid to power our network of rails and tunnels, and protecting and cleaning up the environment while continuing to develop a transportation system that safely and efficiently moves people and goods.
Capital Budget Summary
Over the next five years, MassDOT anticipates spending $12.4 billion for highway, bridge, rail, transit, pedestrian/bicycle and aeronautics projects across the Commonwealth. This includes funding drawn from existing sources – federal reimbursements and grants, state borrowings and an expansive toll funded capital plan, as well as funding for new projects and initiatives made possible by recent revenue increases included in the 2013 transportation finance legislation. The following tables provide an overview of programs and important projects funded within each division of MassDOT over the next five years. These programs are discussed in much greater detail in each division’s chapter of the CIP.
Download the full Capital Investment Plan (PDF 33 MB)